FNZ 57 - Apoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera) - Abstract
Donovan, BJ 2007. Apoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Fauna of New Zealand 57, 295 pages.
( ISSN 0111-5383 (print), ; no. 57. ISBN 978-0-478-09389-6 (print), ). Published 07 Sep 2007
The superfamily Apoidea in New Zealand is represented by 41 species in 4 families. The 28 species of the family Colletidae are represented by 12 previously described endemic species (Leioproctus (Leioproctus) boltoni, L. (L.) imitatus, L. (L.) metallicus, L. (L.) purpureus, L. (L.) vestitus, L. (Nesocolletes) fulvescens, L. (N.) hudsoni, L. (N.) maritimus, L. (N.) monticola, Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) agilis, H. (P.) capitosus, and H. (P.) relegatus), 12 newly described endemic species (Leioproctus (Leioproctus) huakiwi, L. (L.) kanapuu, L. (L.) keehua, L. (L.) otautahi, L. (L.) pango, L. (L) waipounamu, L. (Nesocolletes) nunui, L. (N.) paahaumaa, L. (N.) pekanui, Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) kermadecensis, H. (P.) matamoko, and H. (P.) murihiku), and 4 adventive species from Australia (Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) asperithorax, H. (P.) perhumilis, Hyleoides concinna, and Euryglossina (Euryglossina) proctotrypoides). The 5 species of the family Halictidae are represented by the imported Nomia (Acunomia) melanderi melanderi, the previously described endemic species Lasioglossum (Austrevylaeus) sordidum, the 2 newly described endemic species L. (A.) mataroa and L. (A.) maunga, and the indigenous species L. (Chilalictus) cognatum, which is also found in Australia. The 3 species of the family Megachilidae consist of the adventive Anthidium (Anthidium) manicatum, and the imported Osmia (Helicosmia) coerulescens, and Megachile (Eutricharaea) rotundata. The 5 species of the family Apidae are represented by the imported species Bombus (Bombus) terrestris, B. (Megabombus) hortorum, B. (M.) ruderatus, B. (Subterraneobombus) subterraneus, and Apis mellifera. 10 new synonymies are established (valid name listed after equal sign): Paracolletes maorium Cockerell, 1913 and Paracolletes viridibasis Cockerell, 1936 = Leioproctus (Leioproctus) imitatus Smith, 1853; Dasycolletes hirtipes Smith, 1878, Paracolletes waterhousei Cockerell, 1905, and Paracolletes opacior Cockerell, 1936 = Leioproctus (Nesocolletes) fulvescens (Smith, 1876); Prosopis maorica Kirkaldy, 1909 and Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) laevigatulus Mitchener, 1965 = Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) agilis (Smith, 1854); and Prosopis cameroni Cockerell, 1905, Prosopis maoriana Cockerell, 1909, and Hylaeus hudsoni Cockerell, 1925 = Hylaeus (Prosopisteron) relegatus (Smith, 1876).
Data are presented and discussed on the origin, biogeography, history of research, the evolutionary relationships among endemic bees, life cycles, economic value, impact on human health, conservation status, and, for imported bees, their environmental impacts. Keys are given according to sex to families, subfamilies, genera, subgenera, and species, and by nests to genera.
For the endemic, indigenous, and adventive species except Anthidium manicatum, all known references are presented with annotations, while for Anthidium manicatum and the imported species, the most important references are selected. All 27 previously named species and 14 new species are described, and distribution data with maps and details of biology are presented. For all species except Bombus and Apis, all flower visiting records for New Zealand are listed separately for native plants and introduced plants, while for Bombus flower visiting records for native plants are presented. The appendices provide information on species recorded in New Zealand but not established, species recorded incorrectly for New Zealand, and a subjective evaluation of the occurrence and abundance of the species throughout New Zealand. /p>
During this study 24,529 bees were inspected microscopically, many scores of thousands of Leioproctus spp., Hylaeus spp., and Lasioglossum spp. were observed on the wing, and for N. melanderi, O. coerulescens, M. rotundata, Bombus spp., and Apis mellifera collectively, millions have been handled and observed.