Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua

Landcare-Research -Manaaki Whenua

Identification key to the New Zealand Heteroptera families (Insecta: Hemiptera)


Version 2.0
by Marie-Claude Larivière, Auckland, New Zealand

This fully illustrated interactive identification key was built using the Lucid 3.6 software; it is the first ever identification key to the families of Heteroptera recorded from New Zealand. This multi-access key is based on a matrix of nearly 100 morphological characters and character states (or features) coded against families (entities). Robustness and relevance of the key in a New Zealand context are maximised by including only family-level characters distributed among genera occurring in this country. Although the key focuses on families it also allows 13 genera to be directly identified as unique representatives of their affiliated families.

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Citation for this publication.

Larivière M-C 2013. Identification key to the New Zealand Heteroptera families (Insecta: Hemiptera). Version 2.0.
Retrieved from URL
Date of access: 16 May 2022

Notes on key versions.

Version 1.0 of the key was published in May 2012 in the online serial The New Zealand Hemiptera that was hosted by the Landcare Research website version archived in August 2012. In version 1.0 the matrix behind the key had received basic testing and 50% of illustrations were provided. Version 2.0 of the key is published as a self-contained resource with more flexible web-hosting options as well as an enhanced and thoroughly tested character matrix. The key is fully illustrated.


This project received financial support from the Terrestrial and Freshwater Biodiversity Information System (TFBIS) Programme (Project 255, 2011–2013) and the Core funding for Crown Research Institutes (New Zealand Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment’s Science and Innovation Group). Thanks are extended to I. Stringer (formerly Department of Conservation, Wellington) and R. Palma (Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa Wellington) who supported the funding application for this project, and to New Zealand and overseas contacts who generously granted access to copyrighted photographic material.

System requirements

Lucid logo

This key will run on most browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, IE and Microsoft Edge.

Although this key is not optimised for portable devices, it displays OK on tablets.